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DAY 1: HIV - Some Alarming Statistics

Welcome to daily Health Check!
I'm sure there isn't any of us that hasn't heard of HIV, a lot of us have different images in our head when HIV is mentioned.
In 2015 There were about 36.7 million people worldwide living with HIV/AIDS according to UNAIDS, that is about the population of a country like Iraq or Canada and much more than the population of Ghana!
That tells you that HIV is a global health burden.

Also, from available statistics there are about 3.5 million people living with HIV in Nigeria of which about 3.2 million are adults 15 and over, while women constitute about 1.9 million according to the UNAIDS.
According to the National Agency for the control of AIDS, the state with the highest prevalence is Rivers State followed by Taraba and Kaduna States, this may be due to the high prevalence of risky behaviour in such places.
Thankfully there is more awareness going on.
HIV means Human Immunodeficiency virus. This essentially means a virus that …
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DAY 3: What to do in case of a Stroke.


When you suspect a stroke, the first thing to do is to get the person to hospital, it is better to err on the side of caution than to cause complications by doing nothing.
One of the most important tests that will be done at the hospital is a CT scan of the brain or an MRI, this will tell if it is a stroke and what kind of stroke it is. it will also show the part of the brain where the problem lies. This will aid proper management.

let's discuss common myths and beliefs regarding stroke. Some believe that stroke is a disease of the elderly. This is not true, stroke has been documented in children and young adults.
Another belief is that you can just massage away a stroke, maybe by going to the village to get massaged; although there is a role for physiotherapy in stroke management, this is under qualified hands, mere massaging will not reverse the cause of the stroke.

How can we prevent strokes? First of all, one has to live a healthy life, avoid smoking…

DAY 2: You may be having a Stroke if you notice any of These.

Yesterday we discussed causes of stroke, today we want to look at types of stroke.
There are two major types, ischemic stroke and haemorrhagic stroke.
Ischemic stroke occurs due to lack of blood supply to parts of the brain, this may be due to a clot in a blood vessel.
Haemorrhagic stroke on the other hand implies bleeding into the brain, this is the more serious form of stroke that can easily lead to death.

What are the things that should let you suspect a stroke is about to happen? lets start from the face , the face may look unequal, what we call asymmetry, the mouth may droop to one side.
Next are the limbs, one may discover he or she is unable to move the arm or unable to walk or stand up.
The speech can also be affected and be slurred. Remember to act FAST if you notice FAST.
F - Face drooping
A - Arm weakness
S - Slurred speech
T - Time to call Emergency!

There may also be vision problems like seeing double and memory problems like forgetfulness or n…


A big Welcome to all new subscribers.
Today we begin a new topic.
Working in the hospital I get to see a lot of people with this condition, some come in a few hours after it happens, others a few days, while others take weeks and months before presenting.
Some come conscious others are brought in various stages of unconsciousness.
Some even present dead.
Today we want to discuss stroke.
From the above you can see why the condition is so important.
What is a stroke? It is a condition where there are fast developing signs of a disturbance in the brain which may manifest in specific parts of the body like weakness or paralysis of limbs or it may even lead to coma and death.

According to the WHO 15 million people have a stroke yearly out of which 5 million die and 5 million have a permanent disability.
This is truly disturbing and a great burden to health care.

Let's look at the causes of stroke.
In this part of the world, uncontrolled hypertension is usual…

DAY 4: Tests And Treatment For Female Infertility.

What tests should a woman dealing with infertility do?
Before starting tests it is important she knows when she ovulates, you can go back to our previous discussion on ovulation for this.
It will also be important she gives the doctor a good history of her condition; questions like what age she started menstruation, whether she's ever been pregnant before etc. are important.
The doctor will also need to perform a physical examination before requesting for tests.
Tests requested will range from some general tests like urine analysis to specific tests.

Some specific tests done to find out the cause of female infertility include a hormonal profile, this is a blood test to check levels of some hormones necessary for reproduction and fertility.
Another test is a ultrasound scan, this shows the reproductive structures like the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries; here tumours, cysts and fibroids can easily be seen.
Another test is the hysterosalpingogram popula…

DAY 3: How Smoking, weight Problems Lead to Female Infertility

Lets talk about tubal causes of female infertility.
As you know the fallopian tubes transport the egg produced by the ovary to the uterus where it may meet a sperm, therefore any thing that causes problems with the tubes can affect fertility.
This includes conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease which we've already talked about. You may want to go back to read it up. Sexually transmitted infections especially chlamydia may lead to this, gonorrhoea may also be responsible.
A previous ectopic pregnancy (e.g. that occurs in the tubes) may also lead to infertility.
In discussing female infertility, one should not forget about lifestyle factors that may be contributory, these include alcoholism and smoking of tobacco and cigarettes.
Smoking may affect hormone production and maturation of the ovarian follicle. It is said that smokers are far more likely to experience infertility than non smokers.
Another possible cause of infertility is body weight diso…

DAY 2. FEMALE INFERTILITY - Problems with the Ovaries and Womb

Welcome to Daily Health Check.
We are still on female infertility.
The ovaries are the organs that produce the eggs. Some conditions may affect the ovaries and lead to infertility.
One very important condition is called Polycystic ovarian syndrome.
Here multiple cysts (which are collections of fluid) surround the ovary, this can lead to irregular and fewer menses. A woman with this condition may be obese and have some masculine features like beard on her chin or chest.

Some women also fail to ovulate, this may be caused by abnormal hormone release from the brain and conditions like stress and weight loss.

Let's move to issues with the uterus (womb) that may lead to infertility.
Any malformation of the uterus can affect the menses, can cause infertility and can even lead to loss of a pregnancy. These disorders may be from birth e.g. some women born without a uterus or it may be acquired.
Another condition is one where there are scars in the uterus this may have been …