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Showing posts from 2017

DAY 1: HIV - Some Alarming Statistics

Welcome to daily Health Check!
I'm sure there isn't any of us that hasn't heard of HIV, a lot of us have different images in our head when HIV is mentioned.
In 2015 There were about 36.7 million people worldwide living with HIV/AIDS according to UNAIDS, that is about the population of a country like Iraq or Canada and much more than the population of Ghana!
That tells you that HIV is a global health burden.

Also, from available statistics there are about 3.5 million people living with HIV in Nigeria of which about 3.2 million are adults 15 and over, while women constitute about 1.9 million according to the UNAIDS.
According to the National Agency for the control of AIDS, the state with the highest prevalence is Rivers State followed by Taraba and Kaduna States, this may be due to the high prevalence of risky behaviour in such places.
Thankfully there is more awareness going on.
HIV means Human Immunodeficiency virus. This essentially means a virus that …

DAY 3: What to do in case of a Stroke.


When you suspect a stroke, the first thing to do is to get the person to hospital, it is better to err on the side of caution than to cause complications by doing nothing.
One of the most important tests that will be done at the hospital is a CT scan of the brain or an MRI, this will tell if it is a stroke and what kind of stroke it is. it will also show the part of the brain where the problem lies. This will aid proper management.

let's discuss common myths and beliefs regarding stroke. Some believe that stroke is a disease of the elderly. This is not true, stroke has been documented in children and young adults.
Another belief is that you can just massage away a stroke, maybe by going to the village to get massaged; although there is a role for physiotherapy in stroke management, this is under qualified hands, mere massaging will not reverse the cause of the stroke.

How can we prevent strokes? First of all, one has to live a healthy life, avoid smoking…

DAY 2: You may be having a Stroke if you notice any of These.

Yesterday we discussed causes of stroke, today we want to look at types of stroke.
There are two major types, ischemic stroke and haemorrhagic stroke.
Ischemic stroke occurs due to lack of blood supply to parts of the brain, this may be due to a clot in a blood vessel.
Haemorrhagic stroke on the other hand implies bleeding into the brain, this is the more serious form of stroke that can easily lead to death.

What are the things that should let you suspect a stroke is about to happen? lets start from the face , the face may look unequal, what we call asymmetry, the mouth may droop to one side.
Next are the limbs, one may discover he or she is unable to move the arm or unable to walk or stand up.
The speech can also be affected and be slurred. Remember to act FAST if you notice FAST.
F - Face drooping
A - Arm weakness
S - Slurred speech
T - Time to call Emergency!

There may also be vision problems like seeing double and memory problems like forgetfulness or n…


A big Welcome to all new subscribers.
Today we begin a new topic.
Working in the hospital I get to see a lot of people with this condition, some come in a few hours after it happens, others a few days, while others take weeks and months before presenting.
Some come conscious others are brought in various stages of unconsciousness.
Some even present dead.
Today we want to discuss stroke.
From the above you can see why the condition is so important.
What is a stroke? It is a condition where there are fast developing signs of a disturbance in the brain which may manifest in specific parts of the body like weakness or paralysis of limbs or it may even lead to coma and death.

According to the WHO 15 million people have a stroke yearly out of which 5 million die and 5 million have a permanent disability.
This is truly disturbing and a great burden to health care.

Let's look at the causes of stroke.
In this part of the world, uncontrolled hypertension is usual…

DAY 4: Tests And Treatment For Female Infertility.

What tests should a woman dealing with infertility do?
Before starting tests it is important she knows when she ovulates, you can go back to our previous discussion on ovulation for this.
It will also be important she gives the doctor a good history of her condition; questions like what age she started menstruation, whether she's ever been pregnant before etc. are important.
The doctor will also need to perform a physical examination before requesting for tests.
Tests requested will range from some general tests like urine analysis to specific tests.

Some specific tests done to find out the cause of female infertility include a hormonal profile, this is a blood test to check levels of some hormones necessary for reproduction and fertility.
Another test is a ultrasound scan, this shows the reproductive structures like the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries; here tumours, cysts and fibroids can easily be seen.
Another test is the hysterosalpingogram popula…

DAY 3: How Smoking, weight Problems Lead to Female Infertility

Lets talk about tubal causes of female infertility.
As you know the fallopian tubes transport the egg produced by the ovary to the uterus where it may meet a sperm, therefore any thing that causes problems with the tubes can affect fertility.
This includes conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease which we've already talked about. You may want to go back to read it up. Sexually transmitted infections especially chlamydia may lead to this, gonorrhoea may also be responsible.
A previous ectopic pregnancy (e.g. that occurs in the tubes) may also lead to infertility.
In discussing female infertility, one should not forget about lifestyle factors that may be contributory, these include alcoholism and smoking of tobacco and cigarettes.
Smoking may affect hormone production and maturation of the ovarian follicle. It is said that smokers are far more likely to experience infertility than non smokers.
Another possible cause of infertility is body weight diso…

DAY 2. FEMALE INFERTILITY - Problems with the Ovaries and Womb

Welcome to Daily Health Check.
We are still on female infertility.
The ovaries are the organs that produce the eggs. Some conditions may affect the ovaries and lead to infertility.
One very important condition is called Polycystic ovarian syndrome.
Here multiple cysts (which are collections of fluid) surround the ovary, this can lead to irregular and fewer menses. A woman with this condition may be obese and have some masculine features like beard on her chin or chest.

Some women also fail to ovulate, this may be caused by abnormal hormone release from the brain and conditions like stress and weight loss.

Let's move to issues with the uterus (womb) that may lead to infertility.
Any malformation of the uterus can affect the menses, can cause infertility and can even lead to loss of a pregnancy. These disorders may be from birth e.g. some women born without a uterus or it may be acquired.
Another condition is one where there are scars in the uterus this may have been …

DAY 1: Infertility in a woman- What are the Likely Problems?

We've been talking about male factor infertility for a while, I hope you can still remember the definition of infertility.
Now we want to shift our attention to things that can cause infertility in a woman.
Like we did in the case of the male, we can divide causes of female infertility into the following:
1 issues that affect the cervix
2. issues that affect the ovaries.
3. issues that affect the uterus or womb.
4. issues that affect the tubes
5. other issues .
You can see that a myriad of conditions can lead to female infertility and it is not a one size fits all issue.

Let's look at issues that affect the cervix that can lead to female infertility.
As you know the cervix is essentially the organ that opens into the womb. The sperm will need to travel through it to fertilise an egg. If for some reason the cervical opening is narrowed e.g. through infection, trauma or surgery the sperm may not be able to pass; another reason is if the mucus in the cervix is hostile …

DAY 5: Myths and Options for Treating Male Infertility

We've been talking about semen analysis. Let's talk about some myths and beliefs about male factor infertility; the first is that a man cannot be infertile maybe because of the fact that he is a man or because his parents were not infertile, this we have already proven to be false.
Another is the fact that because a man produces semen, it automatically means it can fertilise an egg, this we have also proven to be false.
A common belief is the idea of determining the viability of sperm just by looking at it and calling it 'thick' or 'watery sperm'. Only through a seminal fluid analysis can you determine the viability of sperm.

If a man has a problem with fertility, what kind of doctor should he see? Though you can see any doctor e.g. a general physician, The best doctor to see is a urologist, this is a specialist in the male urinary and reproductive organs, this is especially important if there is eventually a need for surgery. Other specialists that…

DAY 4: Infertility -Testing the Man.

Lets talk about how to diagnose male factor infertility.
When you go to a doctor he doesn't rush to start writing drugs, he will take a systematic approach to managing you.
He will first want to know somethings about you like how long you've been trying to get your spouse pregnant, whether you've been able to impregnate a woman before, whether you've had any childhood illnesses that could affect your fertility.

After this he will perform a physical examination; here he will feel and check for the testis and important structures around it like the epididymis and spermatic cord, these tests are very important as they may point to where the problem lies.

Next is laboratory investigations.
Several tests may be done but the most important is a semen analysis.
Here a sample of the man's semen is obtained after a 2 or 3 day abstinence period and tested to see whether any potential cause of infertility can be found.
various parameters are checked and …

DAY 3: How to Prevent Male Infertility

How can one prevent male factor infertility?
One important way is through a healthy lifestyle;
Avoid alcoholism and smoking these tend to affect sperm quality.
Cigarette and marijuana smoking will affect the concentration, movement and shape of the sperm. These characteristics are needed to fertilise a woman's egg.
There are people who abuse certain drugs called steroids either to make them gain weight or for other reasons.
This should not be encouraged as it may lead to infertility.
Avoid subjecting your testis to very high temperatures such as hot tubs and saunas, this may cause a temporary reduction in the amount of sperm you produce.
Avoid multiple sexual partners. You could develop infections that eventually affect your fertility.
Are you guilty of any of these?
Remember: To subscribe to my audio series and receive all my daily health tips, kindly SMS DG or Gabby to 2656 Airtel and 9 mobile lines
Join me tomorrow as we discuss how to diagnose male infertility.
This i…

DAY 2: Things that may cause Infertility in Men.

Welcome to Daily Health Check.
We started discussing male infertility here.

What are the problems in a man that can lead to infertility? We can divide these problems into the following:
1. Those that cause an inadequate amount of sperm to be produced.

2. Those that cause a problem with the concentration of sperm.

3. Those that cause a problem with transport of sperm.

For example a male child may be born with absence of either or both testis, this will reduce the amount and quality of sperm being produced.

A situation where the urethral opening of the penis is not in the proper position e.g. underneath may lead to the sperm not being deposited at the cervix during sex.

A sexually transmitted disease can lead to an obstruction to the passage of the sperm.

These are just a few examples.

Another is hormonal problems, this means chemicals that should help the sperm are not being released from the brain.

Some medical disorders may also lead to male infertility, these include diabetes …

DAY 1: MALE INFERTILITY - When the Problem Is From the Man.

Hello! Welcome to Daily health Check.

I want to say a big welcome to new subscribers. Today we will begin a new topic.

We will be starting a series on infertility.

As you know infertility is a very sensitive topic, gone are the days people take infertility as just a problem of women, now people are more aware that there could also be male causes of infertility.

We will attempt to discuss that this week but first of all we need to define what infertility is.

Generally speaking infertility is the inability of a couple to achieve a clinically viable pregnancy after one year of frequent unprotected intercourse.

From this definition, we can see it talks about a couple, not a woman or man alone.

Indeed infertility should be faced as a couple problem; a man should not sit at home and send his wife to see a doctor or vice versa.

Another thing we note from the definition is that the couple have to be together and have frequent sex for there to be a positive outcome.

The man can't…

DAY 4: How To Treat Pelvic Inflammatory Disease


Welcome to Daily Health Check.

We've learnt so much about pelvic inflammatory disease, we've now come to the treatment.

It will be important to do a pregnancy test before starting treatment especially if you have been sexually active, this is because PID can lead to an ectopic pregnancy; sometimes these two conditions can be mistaken .

Another reason to check for pregnancy is because the treatment modalities will change if you are pregnant.

You should see a doctor for proper treatment. Treatment for PID includes antibiotics which may be given as tablets or as injections, there may also be need of some surgical procedures for example draining of pus.

One should note that commencement of treatment does not mean one is immediately cured; the infection can still be transmitted so it is advisable not to have sex or to use barrier contraception such as a condom with your spouse, this should be done until both of you are free of symptoms.

Speak to your spouse…

DAY 3: Preventing PID

Yesterday we talked about how to diagnose PID, today we will look at prevention.

Indeed with PID prevention is much better than cure:

For one there is really no advantage in having multiple sexual partners.

Be in a faithful relationship with your spouse.

Don't engage in risky sexual practices.

Use barrier protection.

Also, Parents should teach their teenagers the disadvantages of rushing into early sexual activity.

You may want to ask, does the insertion of an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) increase one's risk of PID?

The truth is the risk does increase shortly after insertion but it goes down after a few months.

A mistake women or indeed couples make is only to treat one person, usually the woman. This shouldn't be as both the current and recent partners should be treated or an attempt made at getting them to go for treatment.

Join me tomorrow as we discuss treatment of PID.

Remember: To subscribe to my audio series and receive all my daily health tips, …

DAY 2: How Will I know I have Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?

Why all this fuss about PID? What is the big deal about it?

It is important because it can lead to infertility or damage to a woman's tubes; this damage may lead to an ectopic pregnancy, which is a pregnancy located in the wrong place.

But before this happens, a woman may feel the following symptoms:

Lower abdominal or pelvic pain

There may be vaginal discharge

Hotness of her body

She may feel like vomiting or actually vomit .

If you suspect you have PID, you have to see a doctor for confirmation.

The doctor will want to know what symptoms you have, he will also want to do some examination.

He will check your temperature as well as examine your abdomen, he may also do a pelvic examination looking for any areas of tenderness,

All these may be enough to make the doctor reach a diagnosis, if not he may want to do some tests like an ultrasound or use a special instrument to view the pelvis.

See a doctor, you can be sure of confidentiality. Join me tomorrow as we talk abou…

DAY 1: What is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?

Welcome to all new subscribers, remember to tell your friends and family about this service.

We begin a new topic today one that is important to a woman's reproductive life and health. Men also need to know about this topic as it will be important in helping to foster a productive relationship with your spouse.

We will be talking about pelvic inflammatory disease.

Where is the Pelvis?
The pelvis is generally that area in your lower abdomen around your waist, this is where most of a woman's reproductive organs are located.

Can you list some organs located there?

Did you mention the fallopian tubes, uterus(womb) and ovaries? You are right.

This is the site of pelvic inflammatory disease which is generally an infection or inflammation of these organs and the structures around them.

How does an infection get into the pelvis?
It is mainly through the vagina or cervix via sex (80% of cases are acquired through sexually transmitted infections). It may also be through the blood or…

DAY 3: Getting Help For Depression.

Depression Self Help
We've learnt so much about depression. Is there a way to prevent it?

There is no 100 percent guaranteed way to prevent depression, Sometimes one notices it when it has already taken root but some conscious effort may succeed in preventing it or reducing its effect.

One of such things is adopting a positive and healthy lifestyle.

Eat healthy,stop smoking, alcoholism and other negative habits, make time out for exercises, incorporate healthy fun and recreation into your schedule.

A good family bond is also helpful. Do things together as a family, family members should not be caught up in their individual lives.

There are certain myths and beliefs we need to talk about. One is that you can easily snap out of depression, you find people saying things like why are you depressed? "Smile," "Come lets go out."

Depression is not so simple. It is not as easy as that to snap out of depression without a focused line of management.

Another myth is t…

DAY 2: DEPRESSION - Role of Life Situations

Depression Information.Previously we defined depression, today we will talk about risk factors for developing depression.

Certainly we live in difficult times and face situations that can tilt one to depression without knowing how to cope.

These situations may include the loss of a loved one, this may be a spouse, a child or even multiple members of a family at once e.g. in a disaster.

Employment and financial problems like inability to get a job or to pay one's rent.

Health and relationship problems like a sudden fatal diagnosis or divorce.

Some people are known to have broken down health wise because of these; sometimes having a family member who suffers from depression puts one more at risk for developing it.

Do you possess any of these risk factors?

Do you suspect yourself or a relative has depression?

Who should you see or what tests should you do?

People often feel there is a stigma attached to seeing a psychiatrist. A psychiatrist is just a doctor specialising in men…

DAY 1: DEPRESSION- More Than Feeling Sad?

Understanding DepressionWelcome to Daily Health Check.

A lot of people we meet everyday and sometimes we ourselves are not really as happy as we would like others to believe.

For some people it is obvious that all is not well, others do a great job in hiding it. There is nothing wrong with this in itself.

In 2012 suicide was the second leading cause of death among teens and young adults aged 15 -29 worldwide.

Suicide could be a consequence of depression.

What exactly is depression? What are the signs of depression? How can we recognise the signs in ourselves and people around us? Is feeling sad the same thing?

Depression is defined as having a low mood; so that means anybody can be depressed, however this should be short lived and shouldn't overwhelm us.

Depression becomes a clinical problem when it affects our ability to function normally in our day to day existence and in society.

As I said before, depression is characterised by a low mood; a lack of interest and indifferenc…


Yesterday we talked about diet and exercise in preventing obesity, today we will look at treating it.

The most practical way to treat obesity is still to encourage the person to diet and exercise as well as modifying behaviour that predisposes them to obesity e.g. snacking. One has to find out what encourages the person to indulge in snacking, is it boredom, friends or passing a particular route daily? Then one will find alternatives to these.

In this environment, there is little else one can do. Yes, there are a few medications licenced for treating obesity, what some do is to prevent your body from absorbing the food you take or making you feel full.

These drugs are not readily available and they have to be under strict physician monitoring.

When someone is so obese that his or her life is threatened, such people are said to be morbidly obese; some cannot go out of their homes and need support to even go to the toilet, sometimes surgery is the only option left for such peopl…

Day 3 : Obesity - Myths and Prevention.

Yesterday, we talked about health risks associated with obesity, today we want to look at common myths and beliefs about obesity.

A common belief in our society is that obesity is a sign of wealth and good living, though some obese people may actually be wealthy, this is generally not true as we've found out.

Another is that it is only obese adults that can face health challenges, this is also not true as obese children and teens can also develop diabetes, hypertension etc.

When we discussed the causes of obesity we also found that it is not always eating food that causes obesity so don't look at obese people as gluttons.

Now, look at how to prevent it. Preventing obesity should start from developing the right habits in childhood; children should be taught proper eating habits, to be active and participate in sports.

Adults should avoid a sedentary life, this means an inactive life, being a couch potato, sitting all day and sending different people to do things for you wit…

Aisha Buhari and the Aso Rock Clinic Cabal

"There is a new disease in town called monkey pox."

"Really? Just like Ebola?"

"Well, not exactly."

" I remember that time when banks and schools were checking people's temperatures and providing taps to wash hands."

"Yes, we were quite health sensitive then, and the government was placed on her toes, but lately we've had some outbreaks like lassa Fever and cholera and we've been a bit overwhelmed."

" I hear Lassa fever is caused by rats but I was in a government hospital the other day and I saw large rats running around."

"Don't worry, the rats have been technically defeated, they no longer have the capacity to mount conventional attacks on the populace."

" I have my worries about this government's ability to fight this monkey pox"

"Young man, you don't know what you're saying, do you know how much the government has budgeted for health this year?

"You mean for …

DAY 2: Is it just food that causes obesity?

Last time I taught you how to calculate your body mass index which is your weight in kg divided by the square of your height in metres.

Today we will talk about the causes of obesity.

Is eating food the only cause of obesity? The answer is no.

When Obesity is caused by eating, it means what you take in (energy) exceeds what you give out.

Other times obesity can result from some diseases like thyroid disease and Cushing's syndrome, it can also come about as a result or side effect of using certain drugs e.g. steroids, oral contraceptives and some drugs used in treating depression.

Obesity may also run in some families due to genetic factors.

So what are the health problems associated with obesity?

These problems are myriad: obesity puts one at risk of diseases like diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis which is thickening of the walls of the arteries - this can predispose to a heart attack, arthritis which is inflammation of the joints and also some cancers like breast a…

DAY 1: Am I Obese?

Thank you for following and welcome to all new subscribers. Today we begin a new topic.

There is a rising problem in our country, a problem that was previously mostly known in western countries; the problem is that of obesity.

Worldwide there are estimated to be about 250 million obese people which is about 7% of the world's population!

What does it mean to be obese? Is being fat or big the same thing as being obese? Why is it a rising concern in our society today?

What are the medical risks and solutions?

Before answering these questions we need to know what obesity is. Most of us just say a person is obese just by looking at the person.

Though you can guess a person is obese by looking, that is not the objective way and you may label people who are not obese as being obese.

Medically, we define obesity using what is called the Body mass index or BMI. A person with a BMI 30 and above is regarded medically as obese, between 25-29.9 is regarded as being overweight.


DAY 4: Best Headache Relief - Methods and Treatment.

Welcome To Daily Health Check. We've been talking about Headaches and migraine.

So what can you do if you have frequent migraine and headaches?

Let's talk about preventing headaches. Remember we talked about some things that trigger headaches and migraine such as stress. learn to take time out to relax and balance your work and home life, manage your emotions, don't let things get to you unduly.

Alcohol products and tobacco are another trigger. These are things you should watch out for.

There are different ways to approach treatment of headaches, not everyone will like to use drugs, however sometimes it may become inevitable . Some non drug measures that may help include using ice or hot packs, stretching and relaxation, exercise and of course sleep. Take time for a siesta, if necessary you can use your break time for this, I'm sure your boss won't mind.

Massaging is another method that may be used to relieve headaches, here the head, neck a…

DAY 3:


Migraine Headache SymptomsWelcome to Daily Health Check.

Yesterday we talked about cluster headaches, today we will look at migraine headache.

Do you know that over 70 % of people who have migraines are women? Did you know also, if you have a family member with migraine, there is higher possibility of having it.

Migraines are a severe and complex type of headache that have the characteristic of occurring over and over again; a unique thing about migraines is that they can give a warning that they are about to occur, these warnings are called aura, this aura could take the form of seeing flashes of light or not being able to see parts of your surrounding as if there is a light covering it.

Migraine Triggers
There are certain things that are known to trigger attacks of migraine in some people, one of them is stress another is inactivity, another is not having regular sleep.

Have you ever had an aura? Can you describe it?

Do you know what triggers your migraine?

Remember: To subscr…


Welcome to Daily Health Check

Yesterday we talked about types of headache and we started with tension headaches.

Today we will discuss cluster headaches.

Cluster headache like the name implies is a cluster of headaches, it is severe and strictly one sided and can be felt around the temple region and the eyes.

It may feel like being stabbed or like a force is dragging your eye.

Sometimes you may notice water coming out of the nose or eye on that side.

Cluster headaches may occur suddenly with each episode lasting between 5 and 30 minutes.

Do you have any of these symptoms? Join me tomorrow as we discuss migraines.

Remember: To subscribe to my audio series and receive all my daily health tips, kindly SMS DG or Gabby to 2656 Airtel and 9 mobile line

This is wishing you a great day. Stay healthy.

image: stock.xchng

DAY 1 Headaches and Migraine

Welcome to Daily health check! We begin a new topic today.

Almost all of us at some point in our lives would have exclaimed "Oh, I have a headache!" Or "my head hurts!" Or "I think I have a migraine!"

It is such a common symptom that you find some people who say they have a headache almost everyday!

What exactly is a headache?

Simply put a headache is pain which we feel around the head region.

So is it normal to have a headache?

Can a headache signify something sinister?

There are various types of headache which include tension headaches, cluster headaches and migraines. I will explain these.

There are times we develop headaches after stressing ourselves or when we feel depressed, this is called a tension headache, typically this may be felt as fullness or tightness in the head, it can be as short as 30 minutes or last up to a week.

The good thing is that it responds to simple analgesics. Are you wondering what type of headache you keep hav…


Welcome to Daily Health Check

We have been talking about problems with menstruation and ovulation.

Today, we will discuss the tests a woman can undergo to confirm if there is any irregularity with their periods or ovulation.

The tests required will depend on the particular problem.

These tests range from a pelvic scan which is to view the female reproductive organs.

Another is a high vaginal swab for vaginal discharge and infections.

A hormonal profile test is to check if the problem is with her hormones.

Sometimes more specialised tests like a ct scan and biopsy may be required.

If you are having any irregularities with your periods or ovulation, please speak to your doctor.

Let's talk about treatment options for menstrual and ovulation problems.

Generally, treatment will depend on what has been identified to be the problem through the diagnostic tests conducted.

These treatment options may range from just counselling and reassurance that nothing is wrong to antibiotics for infe…

DAY 6: MENSTRUAL FLOW Myths and Beliefs, brown blood, clots etc

Welcome to Health Check with Dr Gabby.

Today we will address common myths about menstruation and ovulation.

The first is that menstrual blood has to be bright red.

This is not correct as the period is made up of a number of substances including the lining of the womb so it can take various shades of red, it can even look dark brown or almost black towards the end of a period. It is also normal for there to be clots occasionally especially in women with heavy flows.

Another myth is that a period that is not 28 days apart is not normal.

Again, this is incorrect as period lengths vary between 21 and 35 days.

People say a woman cannot menstruate twice in a month, this is another false assertion as women with 21 day cycles can have their periods twice a month.

Are there any things you've heard about the menstrual cycle you would like to share?

Remember: to subscribe to my audio series and receive all my daily health tips, kindly SMS DG or Gabby to 2656 Airtel and 9 mobile line

This is…


Welcome to Health Check with Dr Gabby.

Over the last few days, we have looked at the concept of menstruation and ovulation

As we may be aware, a woman needs to ovulate in order to release eggs for fertilization by a man's sperm.

However in some instances, women may have problems with ovulation.

These problems may include a woman not ovulating at all. This is a situation whereby no eggs are released.

Most of the time, women are only aware they have this problem when they cannot get pregnant or when they have fluctuations in the length of their menstrual cycle.

It is important to note that it is also possible for a woman with a regular menstrual cycle not to ovulate.

So, the question is, what may cause these

1. It may be due to abnormal functioning in the parts of the brain that send signals to the reproductive organs.

2. Hormonal problems like excess prolactin and other hormonal disorders could be another cause.

3. Another cause may be disease of the ovaries such as pol…

DAY 4: OVULATION - When is My Fertile Period?

Welcome to Health Check with Dr Gabby.

We are still on the subject of ovulation.

let us discuss the concept of fertile period.

Many couples use this as a form of natural family planning.

Fertile period is simply the period in the menstrual cycle where a woman is likely to get pregnant.

This corresponds to the time a sperm is likely to find an egg to fertilize.

In a woman with a 28 day menstrual cycle, she is expected to ovulate on the 14th day after she begins her

cycle. This simply means counting from the first day her period begins (Day1), she is expected to ovulate on day 14.

She is therefore able to get pregnant around this period.

Remember the egg is produced this period and it survives for about 24 hours while the male sperm survives about 5 days. This means

she can get pregnant anytime from 5 days to her ovulation and one day after.

This is her fertile period.

Join me again tomorrow for more.

Remember: to subscribe to my audio series and receive all my daily health tips, kindl…

Day 3. Ovulation: What is it?

Welcome to Health Check with Dr Gabby!

We are still on our topic of menstruation and today we Will discuss ovulation.

What is ovulation?

Do you know when you ovulate?

Simply put, ovulation is that part of a woman's cycle where the egg is released for fertilization by a male sperm.

This released egg remains viable for just about 24 hours waiting to be fertilized.

If fertilization does not happen, the egg and other contents are released as menstruation.

Just like menstruation, ovulation can give a few signs -these include a discharge that looks like egg white and increased basal body temperature. You can monitor this by checking your temperature immediately after waking.

There are also ovulation test kits available.

Remember: to subscribe to my audio series and receive all my daily health tips, kindly SMS DG or Gabby to 2656 Airtel and 9 mobile lines.

This is Dr Gabby wishing you a great day.
Stay healthy.

image: Stock.xchng

DAY 2: MENSTRUATION - When it doesn't flow right

Welcome to Health Check with Dr Gabby.

Yesterday we began our discussion on menstruation and we talked about normal menstruation.

Today we will look at abnormal menstruation.

There are various forms abnormal menstruation may take.

One is a change in how long the blood flows and the quantity.

Another is the duration between cycles - it could be months apart or quite frequently in one month.

Another abnormality is bleeding between periods.

Finally, there is absent or delayed menstruation.

So, what conditions cause abnormal menstruation?

Let's take absent or delayed menstruation. We know that when menstruation is delayed or absent, pregnancy is the first thing to think of; have you done a pregnancy test? When this has been ruled out we need to look at other causes.

It can be as a result of hormonal changes brought about when a woman gains or loses weight rapidly or if a woman is under stress e.g. bereavement, relationship problems etc.
Heavy menstrual flow may be caused by conditi…

DAY 1 MENSTRUATION - What is Normal?

Welcome to Health Check with Dr Gabby!

Today we start a new topic, menstruation and ovulation.

Menstruation is simply the result of shedding of the lining of the womb in a woman.

It occurs when an egg is unfertilized.

This happens every month.

On the average, women menstruate every 21-35 days.

The blood has various shades of red and different levels of consistency.

Some women have heavy flow while others have a light flow, this is normal.

On the average, about 80mls of blood is lost during menstruation, this is about a third of an average cup.

This is what we consider normal menstruation.

Join me tomorrow as we discuss abnormal menstruation.

Remember: to subscribe to my audio series and receive all my daily health tips, kindly SMS DG or Gabby to 2656 Airtel and 9 mobile lines.

This is Dr Gabby wishing you a great day.

Stay Healthy!

image: stock.xchng

DAY 7: DIABETES - When you don't treat

Welcome to Health check with Dr Gabby!

We have been on the subject of diabetes this past week, today we are going to look at some of the complications of diabetes.

Not treating diabetes can affect virtually all systems of the body from head to toe.

1. There could be eye complications such as cataracts which may lead to blindness.

2. Frequent skin infections such as boils.

3. Nerve damage and wounds that won't heal especially in the feet. This can lead to gangrene and
eventual amputation of the foot

4. There could be damage to the kidneys leading to kidney failure as well as coma and death in severe cases.

It is really important that diabetes has to be well managed.

The good news is that if your blood sugar is well monitored you won't have to face these complications.

So how do you monitor your blood sugar?

One way is by registering at a clinic or hospital where you can be monitored and followed up.

At the clinic, your medication will be reviewed as well as diet and your overa…

DAY 6. TYPE 2 DIABETES DIET - Myths and Beliefs: Should I eat only Beans and Unripe Plantain?

Welcome to Health Check with Dr Gabby.

Today, we will be looking at some common myths and beliefs about diabetes.

One of such myths is that only old people can develop diabetes.

This is very untrue as young people are also prone to diabetes especially Type 1 diabetes.

Another myth is that a diabetic patient cannot eat or drink anything that tastes nice. Some believe a diabetic should only eat beans and unripe plantain and not rice, eba, bread etc which most Nigerians can't do without.

This also is not true as a diabetic can eat all foods but what is required is guidance and monitoring of blood sugar. What should matter here is quantity. Do you know beans contains 60% carbohydrates?

Special sweeteners are also allowed.

Another myth is that a diabetic patient cannot take fruits because they're sweet, this is also not true, they can take a portion of fruit per meal.

You can see that diabetes is not a death sentence.

Join me tomorrow as we look at complications of diabetes.


DAY 5: DIABETES - How to Treat


Welcome to Health Check with Dr Gabby.

Yesterday we talked about lifestyle and dietary management of diabetes.

Today we will be looking at the drug treatment of diabetes.

Diabetes can be treated using tablets or insulin injections, these help to reduce the blood sugar.

An individual will need to see a doctor to decide which is best for them.

The doctor will make this decision based on the type of diabetes the individual has - either type 1 or 2 and how high the blood sugar is.

People with Type 1 diabetes are placed on insulin. Insulin is injected under the skin in certain sites on the body

In choosing the drugs, the doctor will also consider whether there are any other associated conditions such as hypertension.

Tomorrow we will discuss some common beliefs about diabetes that are false.

Remember: to subscribe to my audio series and receive all my daily health tips, kindly SMS DG or Gabby to 2656 Airtel and 9 mobile lines.

This is Dr Gabby wishing you a great day.

Stay Healthy!

DAY 4: DIABETES- Prevention and Reversing Diabetes

Welcome to Health Check With Dr Gabby!

Let's talk about how to prevent diabetes.

Diabetes can develop in an individual due to various factors.

One, it could be genetic- that is a situation where it runs in the family.

It could also be due to a combination of lifestyle factors such as lack of physical activity and obesity.

Some of the ways an individual can prevent diabetes include

1. live an active life.

2. Exercise and lose weight if you are overweight.

looking at the treatment of diabetes.

Just as we discussed on the subject of hypertension, lifestyle modifications is the first major step in the treatment of diabetes.

This involves losing weight, exercising and eating a healthy diet. These are what one should do when looking for a natural cure for diabetes.

A lot of people are worried when they are told they have to change their diet, but a diabetic diet is really a healthy diet for the whole population.

Essentially it involves removing things such as processed sugars and redu…

DAY 3: DIABETES- Symptoms of High and Low Blood Sugar.

Welcome to Health Check with Dr Gabby

Yesterday we examined how to check blood sugar, today we will talk about the symptoms of diabetes.

Traditionally, some people believe that when a person urinates and ants gather around the urine, that individual has diabetes.

However, some telltale symptoms of diabetes include the following

1. An increased volume of urine: you notice you are passing much more quantity of urine than usual.

2. You become excessively thirsty, your mouth is always dry and you keep asking for water.

3. You are losing weight in spite of a healthy appetite.

Please note that having these symptoms does not automatically mean one has diabetes but it is better to
visit the hospital and get tested.

Now, let's consider another dimension: what are the symptoms of low blood sugar?

Low blood sugar level is called hypoglycaemia

Having low blood sugar may come about as a result of using anti diabetic drugs or insulin, or not eating for a considerable time.

One may notice sweat…

DAY 2: DIABETES- Blood Sugar Monitors and Blood Sugar Test.

Welcome to Health Check with Dr Gabby!

Yesterday we began our discussion on diabetes, today we will talk about how to check your blood sugar and what to expect.

There are two ways you can check your blood sugar.

You can go to a laboratory or hospital where your blood will be drawn or you can check it yourself by buying a blood sugar monitor, this device is called a glucometer, it requires just a prick of blood.

A fasting (before eating in the morning) sugar level of above 126mg/dl is indicative of diabetes and you will need to be further reviewed by a doctor.

Have you ever tested for diabetes?

Join me tomorrow as we discuss the symptoms of diabetes.

Remember: to subscribe to my audio series and receive all my daily health tips, kindly SMS DG or Gabby to 2656 Airtel and 9 mobile lines.

This is Dr Gabby wishing you a great day.

Stay Healthy!

image: Pixabay

Day 1: Diabetes - Is it just about Sugar?


Welcome to health check with Dr Gabby

Today we begin a new topic - diabetes mellitus or as it is commonly referred to-diabetes.

Diabetes is one illness most of us have heard about which we attribute to taking sugar but is that all we
need to know about it?

Diabetes is a condition whereby the level of blood sugar in the body is increased beyond normal.

This happens when a hormone called insulin which functions to mop up the sugar in the body is either absent or not

There are two major types of diabetes mellitus - Type 1 and type 2.

Type 1 usually has an earlier onset in life and requires one to take insulin.

Type 2 starts later in life and may not require insulin.

Join me tomorrow as we talk about how you can check your blood sugar.

Remember: to subscribe to my audio series and receive all my daily health tips, kindly SMS DG or Gabby to 2656 Airtel and 9 mobile lines.

This is Dr Gabby wishing you a great day.

Stay Healthy!

image: pixabay

DAY 7: HYPERTENSION - How to Monitor your BP

Welcome to Health Check with Dr Gabby!

Today, we will conclude on the subject of hypertension.

I hope you have learnt a lot about the topic.

Today we will look at how to monitor your blood pressure.

It is advisable you get your own blood pressure machine especially if you are hypertensive so you can check your blood pressure at home.

You can record your blood pressure in a diary or notebook which you can show to your doctor when you go for appointments. This is a good way of letting the doctor have an idea of your normal BP ranges as a few people have a raised blood pressure just because they are in a hospital and are anxious.

You don't need to check your BP everyday, you can check every other day or once or twice a week.

You can also go to a nearby pharmacy or clinic to have it checked.

Do you own a Blood Pressure monitor?

Remember: to subscribe to my audio series and receive all my daily health tips, kindly SMS DG or Gabby to 2656 Airtel and 9 mobile lines.

Join me tomorrow for …

DAY 6: HYPERTENSION- Myths and Beliefs

Welcome to Health Check with Dr Gabby.

Yesterday we discussed the complications of hypertension.

Today we will talk about some common myths and beliefs about hypertension that are false.

One of such myths is that once you take medication for treating hypertension you will not need to continue with the medication.

This is completely untrue.

Unless a secondary cause can be found and treated, hypertension is usually a condition that cannot be
cured but must be managed throughout life.

Another myth is that children, teenagers and young adults cannot have hypertension.

This may have been true in the past, but these days, high blood pressure affects people of all ages --
including young children

Have you heard anything about hypertension you're not sure whether it is true? Please share in the comments section.

Remember: to subscribe to my audio series and receive all my daily health tips, kindly SMS DG or Gabby to 2656 Airtel and 9 mobile lines.

This is Dr Gabby wishing y…

DAY 5: HYPERTENSION - Treatment and Complications

Welcome to Health Check with Dr Gabby.

Yesterday we talked about how to prevent hypertension, today we will examine its treatment.

There are various approaches to treating hypertension.

One is lifestyle modification which we examined briefly earlier on when we talked about habits, diet and

Another approach is medication.

There are many types of drugs used for treating hypertension.

What works for one person may not work for another which is why it is essential to always make sure a
doctor prescribes your medication.

In some cases, the doctor may prescribe more than one medication for proper control of the blood pressure.

That being said, let us look at the complications of
the disease.

When hypertension is untreated or not properly treated, it may affect the brain leading to a stroke.

It may also affect the heart causing heart failure and cardiac arrest.

Uncontrolled hypertension can also affect the kidneys leading to kidney failure.

In these ways hypertension may lead to a…